The Chinese government vowed more support for the country’s basic science research, as the global competition in this field is reliant on basic research, according to a document released by the State Council on Jan 31.
The goal is to enhance China’s initial innovation capability and build a solid foundation for a world technology power.
According to the document, by 2035, China should lead the world in more key fields in science and make breakthroughs that are significant for global scientific development.
More support will be provided for key basic subjects such as mathematics and physics, as well as cutting-edge research in basic science, involving universe evolution, the origin of life, brain science and cognition, quantum science and deep-ocean science.
The government will make better use of the national natural science fund to facilitate basic science and cutting-edge research, and encourage sharing the results. It will also encourage local authorities, enterprises and social organizations to provide more support for basic science research.
Beijing, Shanghai and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Bay Area will be supported to build scientific innovation centers with international influence.
Major scientific infrastructure will be constructed, covering a variety of fields such as energy, life, earth system and environment, materials, particle physics, nuclear physics and astronomy.
National laboratories will be built for research on major trans-subjects and strategic science projects, which will engage the best teams and innovation resources around the country.
The document underlines the significance of training and absorbing more talent for basic science research, especially leading figures and young scientists.
China will continue to participate in international “big science” programs initiated by other countries while mapping out its own cooperation plans. In addition, China will encourage overseas experts to lead or participate in national scientific projects.