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State Council Organization Chart

Updated: Aug 28,2014 1:17 PM

The State Council of the People’s Republic of China, namely the Central People’s Government, is the highest executive organ of State power, as well as the highest organ of State administration. The State Council is composed of a premier, vice-premiers, State councilors, ministers in charge of ministries and commissions, the auditor-general and the secretary-general. The premier of the State Council is nominated by the president, reviewed by the NPC, and appointed and removed by the president. Other members of the State Council are nominated by the premier, reviewed by the NPC or its Standing Committee, and appointed and removed by the president. In the State Council, a single term of each office is five years, and incumbents cannot be reappointed after two successive terms.

The State Council follows the system of premier responsibility in work while various ministries and commissions under the State Council follow the system of ministerial responsibility. In dealing with foreign affairs, State councillors can conduct important activities on behalf the premier after being entrusted by the premier of the State Council. The auditor-general is the head of the State Auditing Administration, in charge of auditing and supervising State finances. The secretary-general, under the premier, is responsible for the day-to-day work of the State Council and is in charge of the general office of the State Council.

The State Council is responsible for carrying out the principles and policies of the Communist Party of China as well as the regulations and laws adopted by the NPC, and dealing with such affairs as China’s internal politics, diplomacy, national defense, finance, economy, culture and education.

Under the current Constitution, the State Council exercises the power of administrative legislation, the power to submit proposals, the power of administrative leadership, the power of economic management, the power of diplomatic administration, the power of social administration, and other powers granted by the NPC and its Standing Committee.

The organizational structure of the State Council

Ministries and Commissions Under the State Council:

Ministry of Foreign AffairsMinistry of National Defense
National Development and Reform CommissionMinistry of Education
Ministry of Science and TechnologyMinistry of Industry and Information Technology
State Ethnic Affairs CommissionMinistry of Public Security
Ministry of State SecurityMinistry of Supervision
Ministry of Civil AffairsMinistry of Justice
Ministry of FinanceMinistry of Human Resources and Social Security
Ministry of Land and ResourcesMinistry of Environmental Protection
Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural DevelopmentMinistry of Transport
Ministry of Water ResourcesMinistry of Agriculture
Ministry of CommerceMinistry of Culture
National Health and Family Planning CommissionPeople’s Bank of China
National Audit Office

Special Organization Directly Under the State Council:

State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council

Organizations Directly Under the State Council:

General Administration of CustomsState Administration of Taxation
State Administration for Industry and CommerceGeneral Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine
State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and TelevisionGeneral Administration of Sport
State Administration of Work Safety
National Bureau of StatisticsState Forestry Administration
State Intellectual Property OfficeNational Tourism Administration
State Administration for Religious AffairsCounselors’ Office of the State Council
Government Offices Administration of the State Council

Administrative Offices Under the State Council:

Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State CouncilHong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council
Legislative Affairs Office of the State CouncilResearch Office of the State Council

Institutions Directly Under the State Council:

Xinhua News AgencyChinese Academy of Sciences
Chinese Academy of Social SciencesChinese Academy of Engineering
Development Research Center of the State CouncilChinese Academy of Governance
China Earthquake AdministrationChina Meteorological Administration
China Banking Regulatory CommissionChina Securities Regulatory Commission
China Insurance Regulatory CommissionNational Council for Social Security Fund
National Natural Science Foundation

Administrations and Bureaus Under the Ministries & Commissions:

State Bureau for Letters and CallsState Administration of Grain
National Energy AdministrationState Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense
State Tobacco Monopoly AdministrationState Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs
State Bureau of Civil ServantsState Oceanic Administration
National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and GeoinformationNational Railway Administration
Civil Aviation Administration of ChinaState Post Bureau
State Administration of Cultural Heritage
State Administration of Foreign ExchangeState Administration of Coal Mine Safety

Deliberation and Coordination Agencies Under the State Council:

State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and DevelopmentExecutive Office of Three Gorges Project Construction Committee of the State Council
Office of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project Commission of the State Council

(Source: State Commission Office of Public Sectors Reform, August 2017)